About the Journal

  • Aims and Scope

The journal is concerned with extending and integrating the study of economics with disciplines within the natural and social sciences, as well as the humanities.

IJTR is a journal where alternative frameworks can be disseminated and argued to develop a unifying vision of an economic paradigm that realistically portrays economic systems as a whole.

We feel that there needs to be a revolution in the field of economics, to develop new approaches to real world problems. Because economics is intertwined in almost every field of research. If science wishes to contribute to solving these real world issues, transdisciplinary collaboration and communication becomes necessary. There, IJTR is a platform for the practice of transdisciplinary research.

As such, IJTR is a journal for article submissions on epistemological issues such as: (1.) Sustainability, (2) Social Multricriteria Evaluations, (3) Ecological Economics and the Biophysical Foundations of Economics, (4) Systerms Research, and (5) Complexity and Post Normal Science. If your research does not fall into these broad categories, then IJTR is not the place to submit your article. The journal is for the constructive argument and the development of alternative ways to govern sustainability. Furthermore, we seek research articles from colleagues in fields other than economics on how econmic systems really work.

Author's Instructions 

Any paper submitted to the International Journal of Transdisciplinary Research should NOT be under consideration for publication at another journal, and this must be stated in the cover letter attached with the article submission. By submitting a manuscript, the author(s) agree that the exclusive rights to reproduce and distribute the article have been given to the IJTR.

All submitted papers must also represent original work, and should fully reference and describe all prior work on the same subject and compare the submitted paper to that work.

Please use Times New Roman font in 12 pt type. All papers should be double spaced.

It is the policy of the International Journal of Transdisciplinary Research to publish papers only if the data used in the analysis are clearly and precisely documented.

Electronic Submission: Electronic submission allows authors with Microsoft Word versions of their manuscripts (double-spaced) to submit their documents online. These files must be easily readable.

Authorship should NOT be identified anywhere in the Microsoft Word document, other than the cover page. Acknowledgements must be removed. The cover page should show the manuscript's title, author information, and the abstract. New submissions should be accompanied by a cover letter. In the case of resubmissions, authors should submit a cover letter detailing changes made to the paper and separate responses to the referees.


All accepted manuscripts should adhere to the instructions below. The IJTR strongly encourages electronic submissions. Please use Times New Roman font in 12 pt. type and maintain a 1-inch (2.5-cm) side, top, and bottom margin. Please, also, ensure that the file is not encrypted.



2. DO use a separate sheet for the title page. Title and name of author(s) should be placed at the top of the first page of text. Author information should each author's department, affiliation, address, e-mail address, and phone number.

3. ABSTRACTS Full-length articles must be preceded by an Abstract which should be short and concise: no longer than 100 words in length. (Please carefully adhere to this limit.) The abstract should be an overview of your paper, including significant keywords, but excluding references and equations. Type the abstract (double-spaced ) on the first page of the paper below the title and byline. Include up to five keywords.

4. DO NOT begin with "Introduction" as a section head. Subsequent section headings should be given Roman numerals (I., II., etc.); subsections should be lettered A., B., etc.

5. FOOTNOTES must be double-spaced, grouped together on a separate page from the text, and placed at the end of the manuscript following the Reference section. Footnotes should be numbered consecutively (i.e., *, 1, 2, 3, etc.).

6. REFERENCE TO INDIVIDUALS IN THE TEXT should include the first name, middle initial, and last name in the first instance. Subsequent references should give last name only. Do not refer to individuals as Mister, Doctor, Professor, etc. It is essential that this be adhered to.

7. REFERENCE TO ORGANIZATIONS OR GOVERNMENTAL AGENCIES IN THE TEXT should give the name in full, followed by the abbreviation in parentheses. Subsequent references should give abbreviation only.

8. REFERENCE TO ARTICLES AND BOOKS IN THE TEXT: Give full name (first name, middle initial, and last name) of author(s) and year of publication in the first citation, with page number(s) where appropriate. When more than one work by the same author is cited, give the last name of author and year of publication in parentheses for each subsequent citation. When listing a string of references within the text, arrange first in chronological order, then alphabetically within years. If there are three or more authors, refer to the first author, followed by et al. and the year. If there is more than one publication referred to in the same year by the author(s), use the year and a, b, etc. (example: 1997a, b). References to authors in the text must exactly match those in the Reference section.

9. MATHEMATICAL EQUATIONS should be typed on separate lines and numbered consecutively at the left margin, using Arabic numbers in parentheses. Use italics for scalar variables, use boldface to specify vectors and matrices, and use script for sets.

Subscripts and Superscripts: Subscripts and superscripts must be easily distinguished from regular variables and from each other. Multiple subscripts or superscripts are separated with commas if there is no mathematical relationship. Use only two levels of sub- and superscripts.

Overscores and Underscores: Overscores (bar, caret, and tilde) may be used, but must be clearly distinguishable. If you use bar underscores (first time, please mark as such) do not use bar underscores elsewhere in your math to indicate italics.

Fractions: When equations in the text contain fractions, use a slash "/" and clearly denote numerator and denominator with parentheses. Display fractions that are too complicated to keep in the text on a separate line.

10. QUOTATIONS must correspond exactly with the original in wording, spelling, and punctuation. Page numbers must be given. Changes must be indicated: use brackets to identify insertions; use ellipsis dots (...) to show omissions. Also indicate where emphasis has been added. Only lengthy quotations (more than 50 words) should be separated from the text; such quotations must be double-spaced and indented at the left margin.

11. TABLES must be incorporated within the text and should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numbers. Each table must have a title and should be no more than 10 columns wide. Please maintain a 1-inch margin at sides, top, and bottom of each page. Do not use any vertical lines in tables to show space distinction; use only horizontal lines and additional blank space if necessary. Do not use any shading. Use Panel A and Panel B to denote sections of a table. Do not send reduced photocopies of tables.

Do not abbreviate in column headings, etc. Spell out "percent"; do not use the percent sign. Place a zero in front of the decimal point in all decimal fractions (i.e., 0.357, not .357).

Table footnotes are to be single-spaced. For footnotes pertaining to specific table entries, footnote keys should be lowercase letters (a, b, c, etc.); these footnotes should follow the more general table Note(s) or Source(s). Use asterisk (*) footnotes for the following: *Significantly different from 0 at the 5-percent level. Full citations of the sources are to be included in the References.

12. FIGURES must be submitted in EPS, TIF, GIF, or PPT format. Figure titles and notes should be incorporated in the paper. Titles should not be drawn on the figure; they should be in the text. If there are variables (italics) or matrices and vectors (boldface) in figures, they should be designated as such.

13. USE OF MATHEMATICAL APPENDIX: Authors are encouraged to use an Appendix for technical proofs and derivations that can be separated from the main text. The Appendix should begin on a new page following the text, preceding the references. Designate multiple Appendices A, B, C, as necessary. Number equations, theorems, propositions, etc., within the Appendix as (A1), etc.

14. REFERENCE SECTION must be double-spaced, beginning on a new page following the text, giving full information. Use full names of authors or editors (last names first), using initials only if that is the usage of the particular author/editor. List all author/editors up to/including 10 names. Authors of articles and books and material without specific authors or editors, such as government documents, bulletins, or newspapers, are to be listed alphabetically.

15. SPELLING: Authority for spelling, capitalization, and hyphenation of words is Merriam Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, and The Chicago Manual of Style. Foreign words or phrases are underlined (italicized) unless they are also part of the English language (listed in Webster's).

Avoid overcapitalization and excessive underlining or italics for emphasis. Use quotation marks only for the first occurrence of terms with special meaning.

16. OTHER STYLE POINTS: (1) In the affiliation/acknowledgement footnote, it is IJTR policy not to acknowledge the IJTR managing or associate editors. (2) Do not use Q.E.D. or an end-of-proof box (an extra line of space will be added instead). (3) Do not use the % sign; always spell out the word percent. (4) Apostrophes are used for possessives (e.g., Robert's journal), generally not for pluralization (i.e., HMOs). (5) Hyphenate compound adjectives when they come before a noun, not after (e.g., a well-known author; an author well known). Generally, the following prefixes are not hyphenated: non, pre, post, over, under, intra, pro, re, semi. However, quasi and self are hyphenated whether they precede or follow the noun.

17. COPYRIGHT: Each author/co-author will be sent a copyright transfer agreement along with the proof. A paper for which there is no signed copyright transfer agreement cannot be published. Please contact either the managing or the associate editor if you foresee a problem.